Malama 'Aina

Sports, Games and Activities

Makahiki was associated with sports, games, and other activities. Participation in these activities tested the strength, skill, endurance, and capabilities of each participant. The Hawaiian people excelled in many different sports and games, as well as quieter amusements for younger children.

Hula, feasting, and even storytelling were other important events throughout Makahiki season, for it was indeed a time of celebration, sharing stories, and spending time together as a community.

Activity Plan Content

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Goals:
Recall the legend of Makahiki which explains why Makahiki is associated with sports and games;

Explain why there was no war during Makahiki, and discuss how competing in sports demonstrated Hawaiians' skill in warcraft;

Recognize that participating in sports and games showcased the strength, skill, and endurance of Hawaiians;

Recognize the hula was a favorite pastime during Makahiki;

Recognize that feasting and the storytelling that followed such meals were important parts of Makahiki; and

Recognize that although many kapu were relaxed during Makahiki, one important kapu was still observed: men and women could not eat together.
Sports, Games and Activities
Audio PowerPoint

The season of Makahiki was a time of celebration, peace, and sports. Makahiki games were used to increase the skills needed for warfare. At this time, many of the chiefs were able to identify their key warriors for battle.

Click on the link above to start the presentation.

Quiet Games and Activities
Audio PowerPoint

In addition to the physical sports, there were quieter games that were played. These games required skill and strategy in order to beat the other opponent.

Click on the link above to start the presentation.

Dancing, Feasting, and Storytelling
Audio PowerPoint

The Makahiki season also provided a time for those skilled in hula and storytelling to showcase their work as well.

Click on the link above to start the presentation.

Makahiki Video Clips
Produced by Kamehameha Schools Curriculum Support and Dissemination Branch

Remembering Two Kumu Hula
Louis Bush honors two influential kumu hula that helped with the celebration of Makahiki on the island of Moloka‘i.

Different Types of ‘Ulu Maika
Dr. Manu Meyer discusses the origin of the ‘ulu maika and why it's named ‘ulu maika.

‘Ulu Maika Stones and Platforms
Dr. Manu Meyer shares the evolution of the ‘ulu maika.

A Warrior Knows how to Defend and Mend
‘Umi Kai discusses how during Makahiki was the ali‘i’s opportunity to look at his pool of warriors and how a good warrior also knew how to mend others.

‘Ulu Maika: Different ways to Play
‘Umi Kai shares how the size of an ‘ulu maika determined how skilled an individual was at this game.

Click on a link above to watch a video.

Makahiki Audio Clips
Produced by Kamehameha Schools Curriculum Support and Dissemination Branch

"He Mele Pala‘ie" (Lyrics)
This chant was sung by residents of the Kā‘ū district on the island of Hawai‘i and is one of many that can be recited while playing pala‘ie.


Click the play button to start


"Eia Ke Kaula" (Lyrics)
This children’s chant was composed by Aunty Nona Beamer specifically for the Kamehameha Schools’ Summer Explorations Program, circa 1968. One activity called for students to learn how to make hei, or string figures. This chant is for the "two-eyed" string figure.


Click the play button to start

Online Activities

Test your knowledge on this section by playing the interactive games below.

Flash Cards
Can you identify the sport or game in each image? Click on the link above to play.

Count Down
Identify the sport or game before time runs out. Click on the link above to play.

Flash Cards
Can you identify the musical instrument in each image? Click on the link above to play.

Count Down
Solve the riddles before time runs out. Click on the link above to play.

Audio Hawaiian Vocabulary List
Sports, Games and Activities Vocabulary List
Narrated by Ānuenue Pūnua

Click on the link directly above to review the Hawaiian vocabulary words used in this section. You may also print out the vocabulary list (PDF) as needed.


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